- Past visions of future cities
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- Vincent Callebaut's 2050 Vision of Paris as a "Smart City"
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Technology is simply a facilitator. The purpose of data analysis is not to generate big amount of data. The ultimate goal — in fact, the only one that matters - is to help better decision and policy-making at the city level.
Technology is at the core of the current smart city revolution, but most importantly, it represents a tool to govern and organize our cities in a smarter way - particularly because it enables to engage and empower citizens, and make them participate in the policy-making process. All this results in more open, transparent and participatory urban systems. It must address the central question that is: what do we want to become, as a city, in 20 or 30 years from now? But then, the big question is how will cities be able to guarantee a balance between growth and sustainability in the long run?
Past visions of future cities
But it is also very important to define local and specific short-term objectives and actions that will contribute to improve urban strategic planning, and, in the end, to achieve the longer-term vision. After identifying big challenges and opportunities for growth, job creation, activity development and welfare, cities have to design a clear action plan, with priorities and locally-customized solutions.
Our smart city strategy proposed a holistic approach and vision of the city. This holistic approach has been declined into 22 programs each one of them including different initiatives, projects and strategies , engaging all types of stakeholders: the public sector, the private sector and, of course, citizens.
In our opinion, the sum of these 22 programs should be the basis of any digital city in the future. All major institutions agree on the fact that ICTs can help to overcome the challenges that current urbanization processes raise for cities. Therefore, many strategic policy frameworks, plans and even funding schemes have been implemented by different institutions e.
City visions | Cities | The Guardian
Thanks to these mechanisms, they can indeed have access to funding and many useful tools — particularly to measure and report their performance economic and social returns on investment , which is very valuable, both in terms of continuous improvement of practices and communication. Citizens play a key role in the development of smart cities. In Barcelona, we developed specific programs to encourage the adoption of citizen-driven innovation policies e. It means engaging citizens in the definition of programs and making them participate in the execution and in the evaluation afterwards.
Cities in particular compete for the attraction of capital flows, investments, talents, etc. Nevertheless, they all face similar challenges. Therefore, public-public and public-private collaboration should be strengthened. Beyond playing a key role in encouraging companies to launch new products and services, these innovation labs also represent a way to engage citizens in the innovation process.
Smart cities are mainly about lively spaces in constant evolution where anyone should be able to propose innovations to improve the organization of cities. Field Actions Science Reports The journal of field actions. Contents - Previous document. Perspectives: Key factors of success to scale-up Smart Cities. Outline Introduction. The information revolution: an unprecedented opportunity for digital cities. Decline the action plan through a holistic and cross-cutting approach.
Engage citizens in the process. Full text PDF 2. Zoom Original , k.
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Full text issues Vol. Liverpool ONE. We may be moving toward a future more positive in outlook, albeit with echoes of the nightmarish cities we thought up in the past. A recent government report, A Visual History of the Future , examines what such visions sought to communicate and why.
Many of these visualisations were never built and remained imaginary — this does not mean they are unworthy of attention. Speculative futures and the technologies projected within them are important. They reveal a lot about how we expect to progress.
It has been both celebrated and derided. Its combination of bucolic landscaping and polycentric planning captures a very British attitude toward the future. The agenda of much post-war planning in the UK was suburban and provincial. With Britain announcing its intention to build a new garden city by the Thames Estuary at Ebbsfleet , we appear to be regurgitating ideas from over a century ago.
Inspired by the Futurist Italian architect Antonio Sant'Elia this rapidly industrialised monster city has also been a touchstone for many subsequent ideas for future cities. Metropolis is an automated system of control and hierarchy, with explicit social class division. Wealthy industrialists have privileged lifestyles in high-rise towers whilst the lower class workers live underground.
Interestingly, this supposedly far future dystopia set in London of AD A. The addition of flying cars, a familiar and recurrent staple of future city visions, accentuates the dense verticality of a Los Angeles reimagined for the 21st century. The dark, brooding and claustrophobic atmosphere of the city in the film proved popular with those creating near-future scenarios and reflected concerns about cities toward the end of the 20th century.
Spanning across the latter half of the last century we have the myriad dystopias given by Ballard. Cities of the future in his work were above all dysfunctional, often due to environmental and technological apocalypses. Architectural approaches And of course future cities are not the sole domain of fiction.
Vincent Callebaut's 2050 Vision of Paris as a "Smart City"
This was explicit in his work — simultaneously focusing on radical new forms for the skyscraper and his seminal masterplan for the urbanisation of the American landscape, Broadacre City. So which future is here? Encouragingly, nearly a century on it appears we are shifting toward a more people-based approach.
The recurrence and growth of more socially engaged future city visions in the early 21st century is notable. The reemergence of street-level urbanism, which favours the pedestrian and active public realm in the manner of Jane Jacobs , reflects our increasing environmental concerns coupled with technological possibilities.
Forces of change: Smart cities
Further evidence also supports our growing worries about the longevity of the city, adaptability to climate change, resource management and resilience of changing social dynamics and populations. Past visions of future cities have been outlandish, they have been dark and dismal, they have also been clairvoyant. They embody a range of ideas of the cities we have and have had.
The power of these images demonstrates deep cultural resonances from the time they were produced. Future cities, even in fiction, reveal an enormous amount about how a society views itself. So after more than years of dystopian cities of the future it is positive to see that many artists, architects and designers have remembered that perhaps the most important element of cities are their people.
This article was originally published on The Conversation.
Read the original article. Image: Wikimedia Commons. Buses are back on the political agenda in the UK. The big-ticket items on both sides are to do with railways. Both parties promise to invest in new high speed trains and in improving the poor services in the north of England, and Labour promise to take train companies back into public hands as part of their extensive programme of nationalisation. The attraction of the humble bus is a little harder to explain. As ever in politics, the answer is to follow the numbers.